It also explains some approaches which can be adopted by regulators and those involved in and law makers for identifying where opportunities for waste crime ooccurs and its prevention. It is aimed mainly at national authorities and environmental agencies at the local and regional levlels that in charge of preparing waste management plans. This report provides evidence on the nature, scale and impact of waste crime largely through case studies.
It discusses the factors contributing to the rise in crime and analyses a business casee for action. Finally, it lays down set of recommendations for countering the problem of waste crime. The aim of this practical guide is to assist businesses and other organisations in everyday decisions on whether the substances or objects they are dealing with are likely or unlikely to be waste. It also provides detailed guidance on the case law on the definition of waste and is intended for those with a specialist interest in the issue. Illegal waste disposal, inclusing toxic waste, resulting from demolition of buildings in illegal dumps.
It is the first of such amonsts most African countries, and is a good initiative given that Nigeria is one of the main targets of illegal exports of e-wastes. If adequately enforced, it offers a potential for controlling illicit traffic and management of e-waste.
It prohibits the import of e-wastes. EEE distribution amongst importers, distributors, assemblers, consumers,collectors, repairers, dismantlers, recyclers, refurbishers of EEE in four main Nigerian cities was used to assess the magnitude of importation of used and waste EEE into Nigeria.
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EEE imports into Nigeria in added up to 2,, tons, about A scenario of the situation by was projected. It gives an idea of the potential for generation of e-waste from imports into Nigeria.
2011 December Report of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development
It also discusses the impacts of recycling practices on human health, environment, and climate change. Declaring the conditions in which transboundary movement of used EEE or e-waste is legal or illegal and supporting statistics. Spells out shipment and registration protocols. Bans e-waste imports.. The consignments were sent back to ports of origin.
This document serves as a resource tool that details the efforts and projects developed by Environmental protection and sustainable development stakeholders around the world particularly in Ghana and Nigeria. It pin-points the good practices and short-comings of Customs officials and other designated national authorities in stoping waste related crimes. The study also lists the legal powers in Ghana and the phases detection, investigation and prosecution at which their competence is required.
The GRA - Customs Division states the various fuctions of the division which include ensuring that procedures expressed in the national legislations are adhered to and implemented by customs aimed at generating revenue, environmental security, protection of society and combating fraud. The publication educates stakeholders on the general import and export procedures and customs regimes.
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It discusses how e-waste recycling is being left to the youth of poor communities like Agbogbloshie who try to extract valuable materials from the waste. This articles talks about the case of Mr. The shipment was however intercepted by the Environmental Agency's Environmental crime team lead by Mr. Andrew Higham, and the culprit was arrested and convicted. He was sentenced to 16 months in prison at Snaresbrook crown Court. Building local capacity to address the flow of e-wastes and electrical and electronic products destined for reuse in selected African countries and augment the sustainable management of resources through the recovery of materials in ewastes.
This document serves as a resource tool detailing the flows of end-of-life EEE from Germany, The Netherlands and Belgium by identifing particular pathways and stakeholders that paly major roles in the export of used and end-of-life EEE to West African countries. The main objective of the project is to develop guidance on managing the potential health risks and environmental hazards that stem from such exports and their subsequent, potentially unsound, treatment.
Used and end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment imported into Liberia: E-Waste Africa project of the Secretariat of the Basel Convention. This report presents a qualitative and - to some extent - a quantitative assessment of the situation of the import of used and end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment imported into Liberia from around the world. Taking into accouunt the characteristics of the country, detailing the methods of data collection, discussing current policies and legislation governing import and export of WEEE and recommendations that can be taken into account to help stem illegal transboundary movement of hazardous waste.
This study was conducted to analyse the flow of UEEE imports into Ghana, how such imports are handled and managed; and further assess the potential environmental and health challenges associated with the current management practices. A brief introduction that lists the general situation of waste import and export activities trend, law enforcement procedure, shipping management and networking with external agencies.
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Also listed a few difficulties encountered during EPD's daily work. Electronic evidence collection for solid waste smuggling based on crime case Under the coordination of General Administration of Customs, an organized e-waste smuggling group was cracked down. The investigation process required collaboration with technical offices of local police for extraction of electronic communication, which brought breakthrough on evidence collection for prosecution later.
Electronic evidence collection in the solid waste smuggling case Chinese. Menglian custom has intercepted After identification, the substance was arsenic and tin containing ash, which is forbidden for importation. Huangpu custom has intercepted wasted portable batteries, weighing The importing company claimed the cargo to be imported portable batteries, but found out by the custom that of them were wasted ones.
Due to the large amount of cases which didn't proceed as intended, only summaries on Hong Kong and Macau were given. Report with results of inspections on waste shipments coordinated in different European countries. Strategic report on environmental crime, including case studies on waste trafficking. Manual on how to set up a national environmental task force, bringing together compliance and enforcement agencies.
The main project objective is to assess the current status and to capture the business requirements from a wide audience of stakeholders.
This document together with the Architecture Overview represents the main deliverables of the project. The Project Charter elaborates the WSR-related problems and documents the stakeholders and user needs.source
South African environmental law - Wikipedia
Study regarding permitting and inspection practices related to waste legislation in EU Member States. The overall aim of the study is to support and improve in particular the implementation of the amin EU waste legislations. The specific study objectives are to prepare guidance documents and a manual for permitting including classification issues and inspections including monitoring of waste management operations.
The purpose of this manual is to accompany the guidance document with providing information on a more practical level. The key element of the manual is the provision of 20 best practice examples, elaborated on the basis of existing permitting and inspection practice applied within the EU Member States. Further tools were elaborated to enhance the process of permitting and inspections. Environmental, social and economic impact assessment of possible requirements and criteria for waste shipment inspections, controls and on-the-spot checks.
This report assesses the impacts of a number of critera and requirements for inspections, controls and on-the-spot checks of waste shipments to be contained in future EU legislation. Technical guidelines on transboundary movements of electrical and electronic waste and used electrical and electronic equipment, in particular regarding the distinction between waste and non-waste under the Basel Convention adopted by COP.
The technical guidelines provide guidance on the application of the transboundary movements provisions to transboundary movements of WEEE and UEEE that may or may not be e-waste, in particular on the distinction between waste and non-waste,. They are not legally binding. Revised correspondents guidelines n2 waste generated by armed forces or relief organisations. Revised correspondents guidelines n3 certificate for subsequent non-interim recovery or disposal. Revised correspondents guidelines n4 classification of WEEE and fly ash from coal-fired power plant.
Revised correspondents guidelines n6 classification of slag from processing of copper alloys.
Revised correspondents guidelines n7 classification of glass waste originating from CRT. Revised correspondents guidelines n8 classification of waste cartridges containing toner or ink. Coordinated audit on the enforcement of the European Waste Shipment Regulation. Compilation of audit reports on the enforcement of the European Waste Shipment Regulation of eight countries. This Impact Assessment report examines options to strengthen the inspections and enforcement of the WSR in order to effectively prevent illegal waste shipments. This report presents the conclusions and policy recommendations formulated in this document are based on earlier research done in the 40 monthe EU-funded research project EFFACE, shich included legal analysis, data analyisi, various case studies, and an analysis of the strenghts, weaknesses, opportunities and threats SWOT of the current apporach of the EU to combting environmental crime.
Nine different policy areas were selected for the SWOT analysis. Those reports constitute the basis for the current recommendations which are addressed at both EU level and Member State policy makers. In addition to these recommendations, questions for further research are identified. Environmental crime and the EU. It is written for a non-academic audience, notably policy-makers.
Summary of the 2-years research project CWIT including market analysis, legal analysis, crime analysis, individual recommendations and roadmap. This programme is seeing a rise in a new diversity of contraband far beyond drugs, arms, counterfeit products and ivory — but also ozone depleting chemicals and hazardous waste These guidelines on second hand electrical and electronic equipment provide information for: - Persons arranging shipments of WEEE into and out of Ghana; - Holders of EEE arranging transboundary transport of these equipment who wish to avoid compliance with the Basel, Rotterdam and Bamako Conventions and dump the waste in Ghana; - Authorities responsible for the inspection, control and enforcement of waste shipment.
Regulations on the export of used electrical and electronic equipment and guidance to test of functionality. This guidance document contains information on the rules on shipment of used electric and electronic equipment. The guidance can be used by exporters in order to ensure compliance with the rules. The guidance document also contain product specific guidelines for test of functionality. This leaflet is for exporters ofUEE from Denmark to another country.