This reduces the mechanical stress and temperature load on the entire system, resulting in improved energy efficiency and extended lifetime.
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Among several restructuring measures, many companies have chosen to improve their financial position through a debt-equity swap. This measure is an out- of-court restructuring procedure and involves the short-term reorganisation of a company through the conversion of existing liabilities into equity. Instead, the term defines various restructuring methods — all of which aim to convert debt into equity. The essential aspect of the procedure involves the restructuring of the balance sheet of an indebted company. Through this manoeuvre, relevant creditors who are engaged in the company, agree to reduce their debt claims in exchange for equity interests in a reorganised capital structure of the company.
This procedure gives creditors, as shareholders of the company, more control over future restructurings of the company.
A debt-equity swap gives direct positive results. Such an increase of equity leads to better prospects of opening up new credit lines; it allows the firm to gain more financial flexibility; and enables the firm to compete more effectively in the market. Both of these structures, however, create substantial tax and other consequences. Firstly, because the debt-equity swap procedure generates an extraordinary income, this income will be subject to taxation in the usual way.
The company fell into financial difficulty by focusing on too many business areas in the renewable energy sector. At the end of , Conergy decided to restructure its balance sheet by executing a debt-equity swap. The company reduced its capital stock by 88 percent in order to increase it again up to million Euros, subsidizing the company with fresh equity. Numerous creditors of the indebted firm agreed to participate in the capital increase by subscribing their claims in the amount of million Euros as a contribution-in-kind.
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The debt-equity sway allowed Conergy to reduce its debt burden from million to only million Euros. With a reduced debt level, the Company has been able to pursue strategic options such as joint ventures or cooperation and there have been increased opportunities for new lending.
Another recent interesting case in Germany was the Pfleiderer AG restructuring. The building material company had been almost illiquid because of the latest financial crisis. The structure of the debt-equity swap was similar to the one presented in the Conergy case. Pfleiderer had received a considerable credit line in the form of a first-lien secured loan from the participating banks and funds. The banks and other creditors agreed to the contribution in the form of a waiver of a substantial proportion of owned credit receivables.
The holders of previously issued Pfleiderer hybrid bonds, identified as equity, agreed to swap their bonds for the right to acquire shares. These were then exchanged after being cut for a minority equity interest in the firm. Additionally, the procedure included a decrease in capital, followed by its increase — the participation of creditors was anticipated.
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